Appearance & Features:
Fleas are flat insects approximately 1.5mm in length and are a dark reddish-brown colour.
Fleas are parasitic insects that feed on the blood of warm-blooded animals. The cat flea is the most common species which feeds on cats and dogs as well as humans. After feeding the female lays 4 - 8 eggs, generally on the host.
Fleas can jump up to 8 inches high and up to 16 inches horizontally. This enables them to transport themselves from host to host - infesting both domestic pets and wild animals including rodents, pigeons etc. They can also be found in clothing, shoes and blankets which can also transport them.
Threats to humans:
Fleas are the biggest culprit for transmitting Bubonic Plague. They're also responsible for transmitting other bacterial diseases such as Murine Typhus through infected rats. Flea Allery Dermatitis in pets is caused by their saliva with similar alleric reactions being reported in humans. Fleas can also transfer tapeworks and cause anaemia in pets. Their bites can result in itchy and painful red lumps.
Flea populations and eggs can be removed through regular and frequent vacuuming. Short, tidy lawns that are rodent free will reduce the possibility of contact with fleas around your house. Prevent pets from entering areas with long grass by keeping them on a leash when outside. Bathe and groom pets regularly - especially during the warmer summer months and have annual vet visits. Flea collars and treatments are also available.